Archerd Shell Collection > Shell Classes > Bivalvia > Tellinidae

Family: Tellinidae (Tellin Clams)


The Rostrate Tellin shown at the right is paper thin. It was collected on the island of Honshu, Japan, in 1960, in a central location. In general, tellins have narrow, thin shells, and a wide blade-like foot. They can easily insert their foot into soft sands, and, since their body is also blade-like, they can withdraw below fast enough to escape a predator. 
Interestingly, tellins carry the oxygen carrying pigment, hemoglobin, in both their nerve ganglia and muscle cells. The myoglobin form of this pigment is found in muscles, giving them a bright red color. This property of assisted oxygen delivery to tissues is also found in a few other bivalves (see for example, Arcidae).
In contrast to most tellins, the Rasp Tellin shown below has a rather sturdy shell with a perisostracum that seems like it could serve as a rasp. 
Class: Bivalvia
Subclass: Heterodonta
Order: Veneroida
Superfamily: Tellinacea
Family: Tellinidae
Major Genera  
  • Genus: Apolemetus
  • Genus: Gastrona
  • Genus: Macoma
  • Genus: Psammotreta
  • Genus: Strigilla
  • Genus: Tellina

Tellina rostrata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Rostrate Tellin
(an uncommon species)


Tellina scobinata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Rasp Tellin

Archerd Shell Collection > Shell Classes > Bivalves > Tellin Clams